In 2013 and 2014, IPHD worked largely with NGOs in urban Jodhpur. Although currently our focus is on our work in Bhikamkor, we intend to expand our projects and reincorporate more urban work in the future. Following are key issues facing urban Jodhpur in which we hope to develop programs.
Health and Education
Maternal and child health in rural and urban Rajasthan are extremely poor with high mother and infant mortality rates. Health issues exist due to illiteracy amongst women, poor sanitation, lack of accessible health care centres and deep rooted superstitions. Child marriage leads to early pregnancy which too often proves fatal for the mother and infant. Lack of nutrition can lead to anaemia and malnourished infants. Frequent pregnancies and deliveries by untrained birth attendants add to the problem. In addition, many people suffer from HIV/AIDS due to lack of awareness on this condition and how it is spread.
Women bear almost all the responsibility for meeting the basic needs of their families yet they are systematically denied the information, resources and freedom of action to do so. Study after study has shown that when women are supported and empowered the whole of society benefits – child marriage decreases, family size decreases, family health improves, children go to school and incomes grows. Promoting the self-sufficiency of women and children’s rights are crucial, and can be achieved through financial inclusion, training, awareness raising and health initiatives.
In developing nations most of a country’s enterprises are very small. In fact about 80% of employment is informal. Small enterprises face many common problems such as lack of skills and training, marketing know how, business planning, administration skills, technology and funding. Many in the community can benefit greatly from further business development expertise.